Latin abbreviations explained

 

atin abbreviations

 

 

 

First the abbreviation, then the word or phrase followed by the translation/meaning

 

 

 

A.D. anno Domini in the year of the Lord

 

 

 

a.m. Ante Meridiem before midday

 

 

 

AMDG Ad maiorem Dei gloriam or ad majorem Dei gloriam for the greater glory of God

 

 

 

c., ca., ca or cca. Circa around, about, approximately

 

 

 

Cap. Capitulus chapter

 

 

 

cf. confer bring together and hence compare

 

 

 

cp. Compare

 

 

 

Cp ceteribus paribus all other things equal

 

 

 

C.V. or CV curriculum vitae course of life

 

 

 

cwt. centum weight

 

 

 

D.V. Deo volente God willing

 

 

 

DG, D.G. or DEI GRA Dei gratia by the grace of God

 

 

 

ead. eadem the same (man)

 

 

 

et al. et alii and others, and co-workers

 

 

 

etc. et cetera and the others, and other things, and the rest

 

 

 

e.g. exempli gratia for example, for instance

 

 

 

et seq. et sequens, et seqq or et sequa. et sequentes, et sequential and the following

 

 

 

ff. foliis from pages

 

 

 

fl. or flor. Floruit it flourished, time of activity

 

 

 

F D, FID DEF fidei defensor defender of the faith

 

 

 

ibid. ibidem in the same place, book, etc.

 

 

 

id. Idem the same (man)

 

 

 

i.a. inter alia among other things

 

 

 

i.e. id est that is, in other words

 

 

 

inter alios among others, including people and legal entities (not an abbreviation)

 

 

 

inst. instante mense this month

 

 

 

J.D. Juris Doctor teacher of law/rights

 

 

 

lb. libra scales

 

 

 

LL.B. Legum Baccalaureus bachelor of laws

 

 

 

M.A. Magister Artium Master of Arts

 

 

 

M.O. modus operandi method of operating

 

 

 

N.B. nota bene note well

 

 

 

nem. con. nemine contradicente with no one speaking against

 

 

 

N.N. nomen nescio I do not know the name

 

 

 

O.D. oculus dexter the right eye

 

 

 

O.S. oculus sinister the left eye

 

 

 

op. cit. opere citato

 

 

 

p.a. per annum through a year, yearly

 

 

 

per cent. per centum for each one hundred

 

 

 

Ph.D. Philosophiæ Doctor Teacher of Philosophy

 

 

 

p.m. Post Meridiem after midday

 

 

 

p.m.a.post mortem auctoris after the author's death

 

 

 

p.p. and per pro. per procurationem through the agency of

 

 

 

prox. proximo mense next month

 

 

 

PRN pro re nata as needed

 

 

 

pro tem. pro tempore for the time being, temporarily, in place of

 

 

 

P.S. post scriptum after what has been written

 

 

 

Q.D. quaque die every day

 

 

 

Q.E.C. quod erat construendum which was to be constructed

 

 

 

Q.E.D. quod erat demonstrandum which was to be demonstrated

 

 

 

Q.E.F. quod erat faciendum which was to be done

 

 

 

q.v. quod videre , plural; quae videre which to see , a term that should be looked up elsewhere

 

 

 

Re in re in the matter of, concerning

 

 

 

REG regina queen

 

 

 

R.I.P. requiescat in pace may he or she rest in peace

 

 

 

r. rexit ruled the time period ruler's reign, e.g. Charles [r. 1796–1846]

 

 

 

sc. scilicet one may know

 

 

 

s.o.s. si opus sit if there is need, if occasion require, if necessary

 

 

 

sphalm. sphalma typographicum a misprint.

 

 

 

stat. statim immediately

 

 

 

S.T.T.L. sit tibi terra levis May the earth rest lightly on you, similar to R.I.P.

 

 

 

s.v. sub verbo under the word or heading

 

 

 

S.V.B.E.E.V. si vales bene est ego valeo if you are well, it is good. I am well

 

 

 

sic, thus (not an abbreviation)

 

 

 

stet let it stand (not an abbreviation)

 

 

 

ult. ultimo mense last month

 

 

 

V.C. vi coactus constrained by force when forced to sign or else face the consequences

 

 

 

v.i. vide infra see below

 

 

 

viz. videlicet namely, to wit, precisely, that is to say

 

 

 

v.s. vide supra see above

 

 

 

vs or v. versus against

 

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